ACD Country Profile
Cambodia
General Profile

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos Area: total: 181,040 sq km land: 176,520 sq km water: 4,520 sq km Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north Capital: Phnom Penh Administrative divisions: 20 provinces (khaitt, singular and plural) and 4 municipalities (krong, singular and plural) : provinces: Banteay Mean Chey, Batdambang, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Spoe, Kampong Thum, Kampot, Kandal, Koh Kong, Kracheh, Mondol Kiri, Otdar Mean Chey, Pouthisat, Preah Vihear, Prey Veng, Rotanakir, Siem Reab, Stoeng Treng, Svay Rieng, Takao : municipalities: Keb, Pailin, Phnom Penh, Preah Seihanu Population: 13,607,069 (2005 est.) Ethnic groups: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4% Nationality: noun: Cambodian(s) adjective: Cambodian Languages: Khmer (official) 95%, French, English Religions: Theravada Buddhist 95%, other 5% Literacy: 73.6%

Political Profile

Government type: Multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy established in September 1993 Executive branch: chief of state: King Norodom SIHAMONI (since October 2004) head of government: Prime Minister HUN SEN (since January 1985) cabinet: Council of Ministers in theory appointed by the monarch; in practice named by the prime minister National holiday: 9 November (1953) ACD Member: ACD Member since 2002 Prime Mover (PM) on Working Group: None Co-Prime Mover on Working Group: Tourism, Poverty Alleviation Cambodia government official web site : www.cambodia.gov.kh

Economical Profile

Currency (code): riel (KHR) GDP: $28.71 billion (2005 est.) GDP per capita: $2,100 (2005 est.) Exports - commodities: Clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear Exports - partners: US , Germany , UK , Vietnam , Canada Imports - commodities: petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products Imports - partners: Thailand , Hong Kong , China , Vietnam , Singapore , Taiwan Agriculture - products: rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, tapioca Industries: tourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem, mining, textles Source : The World Fact Book 2005 (www.cia.gov)


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