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General Profile

Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia Area: total: 692.7 sq km land: 682.7 sq km water: 10 sq km Climate: Tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon from December to March and Southwestern monsoon from June to Sep.r; inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms Terrain: lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment and nature preserve Capital: Singapore Administrative divisions: none Population: 4,425,720 (2005 est.) Ethnic groups: Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000 census) Nationality: noun: Singaporean(s) adjective: Singapore Languages: Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census) Religions: Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, no affiliation 14.8% (2000 census) Literacy: 92.5%

Political Profile

Government type: parliamentary republic Executive branch: • chief of state: President Sellapan Rama (S.R.) NATHAN (since September 1999) • head of government: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since August 2004); Senior Minister GOH Chok Tong (since August 2004); Minister Mentor LEE Kuan Yew (since August 2004); Deputy Prime Ministers Shunmugan JAYAKUMAR (since August 2004) and Tony TAN Keng Yam (since August 1995) • cabinet: Cabinet appointed by president, responsible to Parliament • elections: president elected by popular vote for six-year term National Holiday: National Day, 9 August (1965) ACD Member: ACD Member Country since 2002 Prime Mover (PM) on Working Group: SMEs Cooperation Co-Prime Mover on Working Group: None Singapore government official web site : www.gov.sg

Economical Profile

GDP: $131.3 billion (2005 est.) GDP per capita: $29,700 (2005 est.) Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment (including electronics), consumer goods, chemicals, mineral fuels Exports - partners: Malaysia , US , Hong Kong , China , Japan , Taiwan , Thailand , South Korea Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs Imports - partners: Malaysia , US , Japan , China , Taiwan , South Korea , Thailand Agriculture - products: rubber, copra, fruit, orchids, vegetables, poultry, eggs, fish, ornamental fish Industries: electronics, chemicals, financial sevices, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction Source: The World Fact Book 2005 (www.cia.gov)

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