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General Profile

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north Area: total: 803,940 sq km land: 778,720 sq km water: 25,220 sq km Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Blochistan plateau in west Capital: Islamabad Administrative divisions: 4 provinces, 1 territory, and 1 capital territory; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Islamabad Capital Territory, North-West Frontier Province, Punjab, Sindh Population: 162,419,946 (2005 est.) Ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir Nationality: noun: Pakistani(s) adjective: Pakistani Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official), Burushaski, and other 8% Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3% Literacy: 48.7%

Political Profile

Government type: federal republic Executive branch: • chief of state: President General Pervez MUSHARRAF (since June 2001) • head of government: Prime Minister Shaukat AZIZ (since August 2004) • cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister • elections: the president is elected by Parliament for a five-year term National Holiday: Republic Day, 23 March (1956) ACD Member: ACD Member since 2002 Prime Mover (PM) on Working Group: Asian Institute of Standard Co-Prime Mover on Working Group: Tourism Pakistan government official web site : www.pakistan.gov.pk

Economical Profile

Currency (code): Pakistani rupee (PKR) GDP: $385.2 billion (2005 est.) GDP per capita: $2,400 (2005 est.) Exports - commodities: textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, and yarn), rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs Exports - partners: US , UAE , UK , Germany , Hong Kong Imports - commodities: Petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea Imports - partners: Saudi Arabia , UAE , US , China , Japan , Kuwait Agriculture - products: cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs Industries: textiles and apparel, food processing, phamacuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp Source : The World Fact Book 2005 (www.cia.gov)

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