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General Profile

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand Area: total: 678,500 sq km land: 657,740 sq km water: 20,760 sq km Climate: Tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April) Terrain: central lowlands riged by steep, rugged highlands Capital: Rangoon (government refers to the capital as Yangon) Administrative divisions: 7 divisions and 7 states : divisions: Ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi, Yangon : states: Chin State, Kachin State, Kayin State, Kayah State, Mon State, Rakhine State, Shan State Population: 42,909,464 (2005 est.) Ethnic groups: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5% Nationality: noun: Burmese (singular and plural) adjective: Burmese Languages: Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages Religions: Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, other 3% Literacy: 85.3%

Political Profile

Government type: Millitary Junta Executive branch: • chief of state: Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Sr. Gen. THAN SHWE (since April 1992) • head of government: Prime Minister, Gen SOE WIN (since October 2004) • cabinet: State Peace and Development Council (SPDC); military junta, so named in November 1997, which initially assumed power in September 1988 under the name State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC); the SPDC oversees the cabinet National Holiday: 4 January (1948) and Union Day, 12 Febuary (1947) ACD Member: ACD Member since 2002 Prime Mover (PM) on Working Group: None Co-Prime Mover on Working Group: Tourism Myanmar government official web site : www.myanmar.com

Economical Profile

Currency (code): kyat (MMK) GDP: $76.2 billion (2005 est.) GDP per capita: $1,800 (2005 est.) Exports - commodities: clothing, gas, wood products, pulses, beans, fish, rice Exports - partners: Thailand , India , China , Japan Imports - commodities: fabric, petroleum products, plastics, machinery, transport equipment, construction materials, crude oil; food products Imports - partners: China , Singapore , Thailand , South Korea , Malaysia Agriculture - products: rice, pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts, sugarcane,; hardwood; fish and products Industries: agricultural processing; knit and woven apparel; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; construction materials; phamacuticals; fertilizer; cement; natural gas Source: The World Fact Book 2005 (www.cia.gov)

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